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Many praise his insights and methods, if not all of his conclusions." Carole Hillenbrand holds that there are several remaining tasks for the Orientalist Quranic scholars: Few Quranic scholars have worked on the epigraphy of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem whose foundation inscription dates to 72/692 and the antique Quran recently discovered in the Yemen, the Sana'a manuscripts.
768), now known as Sīrat Rasūl Allah ("Biography/Life of the Messenger/Apostle of Allah"), which survive in the works of his editors, most notably Ibn Hisham (d. Bukayr (d.814-815), although not in its original form.
Bernard Lewis states that "The collection and recording of Hadith did not take place until several generations after the death of the Prophet.
During that period the opportunities and motives for falsification were almost unlimited." The main feature of hadith is that of Isnad (chains of transmission), which are the basis of determining authenticity of the reports in traditional Islamic scholarship. Brown points out, the Hadith Tradition is a "common sense science" or a "common sense tradition" and is "one of the biggest accomplishments in human intellectual history…
Its superficial fancies are so ridiculous that at first one wonders if it is just a ‘leg pull’, pure ’spoof’." In 2006 Fred Donner, a supporter of the revisionist school of Islamic studies wrote that "Yet now more than 30 years later we can see that the publication of Hagarism was a milestone in the study of Islamic studies." The Samarkand Kufic Quran, dated to the early 9th century.
It is an alleged 7th century original of the edition of the third caliph Uthman.